順天堂グローバル教養論集第一巻20160325
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107 調査・実践報告 言語・文化に関する題材の一考察―英語教員採用試験の長文読解問題からーOn Issues of the Theme of Language and Culture, with Special Reference to Reading Comprehension in English Teacher Employment Examinations吉野 康子1)*Yasuko YOSHINO1)* Abstract This paper surveys and analyzes 25 prefectural Teacher Employment Examinations used in the Kanto and Kansai districts of Japan between 2011 and 2015. There are three essential qualications tested on the written examinations for high school English teach-ers in Japan. They are “English language knowledge and skills,” “knowledge of the course of study,” and “understanding and practice of teaching methods.” Yoshino (2012, 2013) examined the latter two qualications. This paper studies the rst qualication. This study evaluates quality of the questions. This paper consists of three parts. The rst part focuses on a quantitative survey and anal-ysis of the reading comprehension questions in the Teacher Employment Examinations. Next, the paper examines the questions dealing with issues of language and culture. In the analysis, questions about language were categorized as questions about language in general or questions specically related to English. Questions about culture were similarly catego-rized as either questions about culture in general or questions about the culture of English-speaking regions. Lastly, the paper cites six examples from the examinations and evaluates them on their validity in determining the competency of English teacher applicants.Key Words言語・文化・教育に関する題材、英語教員採用試験、長文読解、題材、教員の資質Themes of Language and Culture, English Teacher Employment Examination, Reading comprehension, Theme, Aptitude for English teachers 順天堂グローバル教養論集 第一巻(2016)107–115頁1)順天堂大学 国際教養学部(Email:ya-yoshino@juntendo.ac.jp)*責任著者:吉野 康子 〔October 6, 2015 原稿受付〕〔January 8, 2016 掲載決定〕

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