順天堂グローバル教養論集_第二巻_2017年3月(ISSN2424-0001)
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18 研究論文 海の反乱-植民地期カンボジア、コムポート地方の1885年反仏反乱-Anti-France Rebellion on the Gulf of Thailand: Kampot (Cambodia) in 1885北川 香子1)* Takako KITAGAWA1)Abstract From January 1885, anti-French uprisings broke out at various points in the Kingdom of Cambodia. In general understanding, those were the reaction of local elites to the treaty of 17 June 1884 which forced significant changes on the political and economic system of the kingdom, and after the rebellion, “the eclipse” of the King Norodom began. Actually, because there have been extremely few studies on the social history of Cambo-dia under the French colonialism, little is known about the social conditions as back-ground of the rebellion. Therefore, I took up a series of uprisings in the region on the Mekong River in a former article to clarify the process of the rebellion, the positions of the chiefs of the rebels in the local society, and the structure of the rebels’ corps there. In this study, I investigated the same problems in the region along the Gulf of Thailand to compare with the former. In both regions, the rebels did not form a simple organization with hierarchical struc-ture, but loose aggregates of bands led by individual chiefs. Most chiefs were holding traditional titles of officials, as governors and balats (deputy governor), and issued Khmer documents which stated their orders to mobilize inhabitants, to collect supplies and so on. In any case, the positions of local elites were not hereditary, but required one’s own resource to lead numbers of people. Only the kingship was able to give legitimacy to their social status in a way widely recognized across the regions, and sometimes they chose “a descendant of the Kings” to support, to reinforce their own status. In the transition of the rebellion, most local elites recognized Norodom as the legitimate king, and the Second King Sisowath as his successor, and submitted to them to restore the traditional social order, but never surrendered to the military power of the French colonial 順天堂グローバル教養論集 第二巻(2017)18–32頁1)順天堂大学 国際教養学部 (Email:kitagawatakako@mbr.nifty.com)*責任著者:北川 香子 〔August 24, 2016 原稿受付〕〔December 22, 2016 掲載決定〕

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